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Blending traditional and modern styles in Indian home construction

How to test bricks for quality

by JSW One Homes

A wide array of tests is conducted on bricks to ascertain their quality for the purpose of construction. Brick testing is carried out in the laboratory as well as at the construction site. 

Bricks are arguably one of the oldest and most vital construction materials due to their strength, reliability, and durability.

The tests that are needed to determine the suitability of bricks for construction work are discussed below.

1. Absorption test

This test is conducted on bricks to know the total amount of moisture that is absorbed by the brick under extreme conditions. During this test, a dry brick is taken and weighed. Post weighing, the brick is placed in water for 24 hours. After this, the wet brick is weighed. The difference in the weight of the dry brick and the wet brick is calculated which gives the amount of water absorption. For a high-quality brick, the amount of water absorption must not exceed 20% of the dry brick weight.

2. Crushing or compressive strength test

The crushing strength is determined by placing a brick in a compression testing machine that applies pressure on the brick until it breaks. The pressure at which the brick shatters should exceed a minimum of 3.50 N/mm2. Any value lower than that indicates that the brick is not suitable for construction.

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3. Hardness test

The ideal brick must be able to resist any scratches induced by sharp objects. So, for this specific test, a sharp tool or fingernail is used to create scratches on bricks. If there are no impressions of any scratches, then the brick is considered to be a hard brick.

4. Shape and size test

All bricks used for the purpose of construction must be of identical size. When it comes to shape, each brick should be rectangular with distinct, sharp edges. To carry out this test, 20 bricks are selected randomly and stacked along their dimensions for comparison. If all bricks are of the same size, then they are suitable for construction activity.

5. Soundness test

This is another way of testing bricks. This test demonstrates the nature of bricks during sudden impact. To perform this test, two bricks are chosen randomly and struck against each other. The bricks should not crack or break, and the sound that is produced must be a clear, bell-ringing sound. 

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6. Structure of bricks

To successfully determine a brick’s structure, one brick is randomly picked from a group and is broken. Close attention is paid to the inner portion of the brick. The brick must be smooth and free from lumps.

The final word:

Bricks are the building blocks of any structure. There are specific tests that you can subject the bricks to, in order to determine if they are fit or unfit for house construction activities.

Blending traditional and modern styles in Indian home construction

by JSW One Homes

India, a land steeped in history and cultural diversity, offers a unique perspective on architecture. From the grand palaces of Rajasthan to the intricate wooden houses of Kerala, the country's architecture is as varied as its landscapes. However, in recent times, there has been a significant shift towards integrating modernity with tradition, particularly in homebuilding. This article delves into how modern architectural practices are harmoniously blended with traditional Indian elements to create homes that are both culturally rich and contemporarily relevant.

The evolution of home building in India

The gradual integration of modern design elements with traditional concepts marks the evolution of home building in India. Today, architects and home builders strive to maintain this delicate balance, ensuring that new constructions respect the past while embracing the future.

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Cultural significance in Indian architecture traditional designs are imbued with symbolism and meaning, deeply rooted in the local context and beliefs. The Taj Mahal in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, symbolises love and devotion. Its intricate marble carvings, symmetrical layout, and reflection pools reflect Mughal architectural and cultural influences.

Role of Vastu Shastra in home building
Vastu Shastra, the ancient Indian science of architecture and building, plays a critical role in home design. For example, the Kerala Nalukettu's design aligns with Vastu Shastra, featuring a central courtyard (Nadumuttam) for ventilation and natural light. Room orientations and entrance placements adhere to Vastu guidelines, optimising positive energy flow for occupants' well-being and prosperity.

Modern influences and trends
The influence of global architectural trends is evident in modern Indian homes. Using clean lines, minimalistic designs, and innovative materials reflects a shift towards contemporary aesthetics.

Contemporary architectural styles in India
Contemporary Indian architecture is a blend of international design philosophies and local traditions. Architects are increasingly experimenting with modern styles, using new materials and construction techniques while respecting the cultural context.

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Balancing aesthetics and functionality

  • Combining open spaces with privacy

In traditional Indian homes, privacy is a crucial element, often achieved through distinct, separate rooms. Modern designs, however, favour open-plan living. A balance can be struck by designing an open-plan layout for communal areas like the living and dining rooms while maintaining separate, private spaces for bedrooms. 

  • Integrating natural elements with modern comforts

Traditional Indian homes often use natural elements like courtyards and water bodies to create a cooling effect in the hot climate. For example, a central courtyard with a small water feature can act as a natural cooling centre, while modern insulation and climate control can ensure comfort during extreme temperatures.

Examples of blended designs

  • Chettinad style homes: Originating from the Chettinad region of Tamil Nadu, these homes blend traditional South Indian architecture with influences from colonial-era mansions. They typically feature spacious courtyards, intricately carved wooden pillars, and colourful tiles. Modern adaptations may include contemporary furnishings and amenities while preserving the traditional layout and design elements.
  • Goan-Portuguese style villas: Found in the coastal state of Goa, these homes reflect a blend of Indian and Portuguese architectural styles. They often feature vibrant facades, tiled roofs, large verandas, and courtyard spaces. Modern adaptations may include open floor plans, updated interiors, and amenities catering to contemporary lifestyles.
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  • Rajputana havelis: Havelis are traditional Indian mansions found primarily in Rajasthan. They showcase intricate stone carvings, ornate facades, and spacious courtyards. Blended designs incorporate modern conveniences while retaining the grandeur and architectural details of traditional havelis.
  • Kerala-contemporary fusion homes: Kerala's traditional architecture, known for its sloping roofs, wooden structures, and open-to-sky courtyards, is often blended with contemporary designs featuring minimalist interiors, eco-friendly materials, and modern amenities. These homes focus on sustainability and blending with the natural surroundings.
  • Pondicherry's French quarter houses: In Pondicherry, former French colonial houses have been adapted to blend traditional Tamil architecture with French colonial elements. These homes feature pastel-coloured facades, arched doorways, and inner courtyards. Modern adaptations may include updated interiors and amenities while preserving the historic exterior charm.
  • Gujarati havelis: Found in regions like Ahmedabad, Gujarati havelis showcase intricate wooden carvings, ornate facades, and courtyards. Blended designs incorporate modern elements while maintaining the traditional architectural features, creating a fusion of old-world charm and contemporary comfort.
  • Contemporary Rajasthani architecture: Modern homes in Rajasthan often blend traditional Rajasthani elements like jharokhas (overhanging enclosed balconies), intricate lattice work, and courtyard designs with contemporary materials and amenities. These homes maintain the cultural essence of Rajasthan while offering modern comforts.
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Traditional eco-friendly materials
Traditional Indian homes often use locally sourced, natural materials like mud, bamboo, and thatch. These eco-friendly materials are being reintegrated into modern designs to promote sustainability.

  • Smart lighting: LED lights controlled by apps or voice commands for custom settings and energy efficiency.
  • Home automation: Centralised control of devices like HVAC, entertainment, and security from smartphones.
  • Smart thermostats: Precise temperature control and energy usage insights for comfort and savings.
  • Security systems: Keyless entry, motion sensors, and remote monitoring for enhanced safety.
  • Voice assistants: Control smart devices, play music, and access information with voice commands.
  • Energy monitoring: Real-time tracking and optimisation of energy consumption.
  • Automated blinds: Motorised window treatments for light control and energy efficiency.
     

Advanced building materials and techniques
Advanced materials like high-strength concrete and glass, along with innovative construction techniques, enable architects to push the boundaries of design while ensuring structural integrity and efficiency.

By thoughtfully blending traditional elements with modern design principles and technologies, individual home builders in India can create spaces that honour their heritage while providing all the comforts and efficiencies of contemporary living

How to choose the right solar panels for your home in India

by JSW One Homes

Government initiatives have played a pivotal role, with India implementing policies that offer subsidies, incentives, and tax benefits, thereby making solar panels for homes more accessible and affordable. Additionally, the escalating costs of traditional electricity have prompted more effective solar panel cost alternatives, aiding in reducing electricity bills. Heightened environmental awareness has also contributed significantly, as people increasingly choose clean energy sources like solar power to diminish their carbon footprint. Furthermore, technological advancements in solar panel technology have led to more efficient and cost-friendly options, rendering solar panels a highly attractive choice for households seeking sustainable energy solutions.

Importance of choosing the right solar panels for optimal efficiency and cost-effectiveness

Efficiency: Different types of solar panels for home have varying efficiencies in converting sunlight into electricity. Higher efficiency panels generate more electricity per square metre and are ideal for homes with limited roof space.

Durability and longevity: When it comes to solar panel manufacturers in India, high-quality panels are built to last and withstand various weather conditions. Choosing reputable solar panel companies in India with longer warranties ensures longevity and reliability.

Cost-effectiveness: While higher efficiency solar panels often come with a higher initial cost, they can result in greater long-term savings by producing more electricity over their lifespan. It's essential to consider the balance between upfront cost and long-term savings.

Adaptability and aesthetics: Some types of solar panels are designed for specific roof or aesthetic preferences. Choosing panels that suit your roof structure and design preferences can enhance the overall appeal of your home.

Installation and Maintenance: Choosing solar panels for home that are easier to install and require minimal maintenance can save you time and additional costs in the long run.

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How solar panels work?

Photon absorption: sunlight consists of tiny particles called photons. When sunlight hits different types of solar panels    , the panels’ photovoltaic cells, typically made of silicon, absorb these photons.

Electron excitation: when the photons are absorbed, they transfer their energy to the electrons in the silicon atoms of the solar cells. This energy absorption excites the electrons, causing them to break free from their atoms.

Electric field generation: the structure of the best solar panels in India for homes has an electric field across the layers of silicon. This field acts as a force that drives the loose electrons towards a particular direction, creating a flow of electricity.

Electrical conductors: conductive metal plates within different types of solar panels capture these moving electrons, forming an electric current. This current is then drawn out of the solar panel via metal conductors to be used as electricity.

Inverter conversion: the electricity generated by the solar panels is in direct current (dc) form, which is converted into alternating current (ac) by an inverter. Ac is the standard form of electricity used in homes and businesses.

Utilisation or storage: the converted AC electricity can be used to power devices and appliances in the home or can be stored in batteries for later use, especially when sunlight is not available, such as during nighttime.

 

Different types of solar panels available in the Indian market

Monocrystalline solar panels:

  • Made from single-crystal silicon, these panels are known for their high efficiency and space-efficiency.
  • They have a uniform black hue and a rounded edge appearance.
  • The best monocrystalline solar panels in India tend to perform better in low-light conditions compared to other types.

Polycrystalline (also known as multicrystalline) solar panels:

  • Created from multiple silicon crystals, hence their name, these solar panels in India for home are recognisable by their speckled blue appearance.
  • They are cost-effective due to their manufacturing process, which involves melting raw silicon.
  • While slightly less efficient than monocrystalline panels, they offer a good balance between cost and performance.

Thin-film solar panels:

  • Thin-film panels use various materials (like amorphous silicon, cadmium telluride, or copper indium gallium selenide) deposited in thin layers onto a substrate.
  • They are lighter and more flexible, allowing for unique applications like curved surfaces or portable solar panels.
  • These panels are less efficient in terms of energy conversion but are more cost-effective to produce.
     
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Factors to consider when buying solar panels

Efficiency rating:

  • The best solar panels in India for homes can convert sunlight into electricity. Higher efficiency panels generate more power per square metre.
  • When choosing solar panels for your home, look for ones with higher efficiency ratings, as they can maximise energy production, especially if space for installation is limited.

Type of solar cells:

  • The best monocrystalline solar panels in India generally offer higher efficiency compared to polycrystalline or thin-film panels.
  • Monocrystalline cells are made from single silicon crystals and are known for their efficiency and space-saving design.

Durability and build quality:

  • Consider choosing solar panels for your home that have build quality and materials used. Panels with robust construction and high-quality materials tend to last longer.
  • Look for panels with durable frames, tempered glass, and weather-resistant coatings to withstand harsh weather conditions.

Temperature coefficient:

  • Solar panels experience reduced efficiency as temperatures rise. The temperature coefficient indicates how much the panel's efficiency decreases with higher temperatures.
  • Lower temperature coefficients imply better performance in hot climates.
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Warranty and performance guarantee:
Pay attention to warranties offered by manufacturers. A longer warranty, especially for performance, indicates the manufacturer's confidence in their product's durability.
Performance warranties ensure that the panel will produce a certain percentage of its rated power over time.

Testing and certification:
Look for certifications and testing compliance, such as iec (international electrotechnical commission) certifications, ul (underwriters laboratories) listings, or certifications from local regulatory bodies.
Certified panels often undergo rigorous testing for performance and safety standards.

Degradation rate:
Solar panels degrade over time, losing efficiency gradually. The degradation rate indicates how much efficiency is lost per year.
Lower degradation rates mean the panels will maintain higher efficiency levels for a longer period.

Compatibility and system design:
Ensure that the panels you choose are compatible with your existing or planned solar system components (inverters, batteries, etc.).
Optimal system design and component compatibility can significantly impact overall system efficiency.

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Estimating your household's energy consumption and determining the size of the solar panel system required

  • Create a list of appliances:
    Make a comprehensive list of all electrical appliances used in your household, including lights, fans, refrigerators, air conditioners, televisions, computers, washing machines, etc.
  • Determine power ratings:
    Find the power ratings (in watts or kilowatts) of each appliance. This information is usually labelled on the appliance itself or in the user manual.
    For appliances without clear ratings, use averages or check the manufacturer's website for specifications.
  • Estimate daily usage:
    Note down the average time each appliance is used daily. Some appliances like lights or fans may be used for several hours, while others like washing machines or tvs might have specific usage durations.
  • Calculate daily energy consumption:
    Multiply the power rating (in kilowatts) of each appliance by the number of hours it is used daily to calculate its daily energy consumption in kilowatt-hours (kwh).
    Sum up the individual energy consumption values for all appliances to get the total daily energy consumption of your household.
  • Seasonal variations and adjustments:
    Consider seasonal variations in energy consumption, especially for appliances like air conditioners or heaters that are used more during extreme weather conditions.
    Factor in any additional energy usage during holidays, weekends, or special occasions.
  • Energy audit tools:
    Utilise online energy consumption calculators or mobile apps specifically designed for estimating household energy usage. Some utilities or energy companies may also offer tools for this purpose.


Keep in mind that these calculations provide a general guideline. Factors like future energy needs, changes in lifestyle, or advancements in technology can influence your decision regarding the size and solar panel cost. Consulting with experts ensures a tailored solution that maximises the benefits when choosing solar panels for your home.

How to evaluate and estimate open floor plans?

by JSW One Homes

Open floor house plans revolutionise the traditional home layout by eliminating interior walls, creating a seamless, interconnected space where kitchen, living, and dining areas flow together. This modern home design trend has gained immense popularity for several reasons. Firstly, it fosters social interaction, encouraging family togetherness and easy communication during daily activities. Additionally, the removal of barriers allows natural light to permeate throughout, lending a spacious, bright feel to the entire area while offering flexibility in furniture arrangement. The adaptability of open floor house plans aligns with evolving needs, allowing homeowners to reconfigure spaces as required. Beyond aesthetics, the appeal lies in the practicality for entertaining, as hosts can interact with guests across various areas. While these layouts offer numerous advantages in modern living, considerations about privacy, noise, and delineating spaces remain, underscoring the evolving preferences in home design toward connectivity, flexibility, and spaciousness.

How do you estimate floor plans

  • Measurements: accurate measurements are crucial. Use a measuring tape or laser distance measurer to determine the length and width of each room. Measure from wall to wall, including doorways and any protrusions like alcoves or closets.
  • Scale: understand the scale of the floor plan. For example, 1/4 inch might represent 1 foot. Use this scale to convert your measurements accurately onto paper or a digital platform.
  • Room shapes: identify the shape of each room—whether rectangular, square, l-shaped, or irregular. Break down complex shapes into simpler ones for easier calculations.
    Features and details: note any architectural features like columns, fireplaces, or built-in furniture. These elements might impact the layout and need to be included in your floor plan.
  • Vertical dimensions: while floor plans focus on horizontal space, understanding ceiling heights is also vital, especially if you plan to design the space further. Measure the height from the floor to the ceiling in each room.
     
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Key elements when implementing open floor plans

1. Starting with space: size matters, but it's not solely about square footage. Consider the number of bedrooms, bathrooms, and the dimensions of common areas like the kitchen, dining, and family rooms. Delve deeper into your space needs beyond mere size.

2. Exploring layout: beyond size, delve into the specifics of layout. Decide between single-level or two-story plans, strategically placing bedrooms for privacy or noise isolation, and the crucial choice between open floor plan home designs  or traditional designs. Consider how each layout suits your lifestyle and family dynamics.

3. Physical visualisation: walking through a finished home using a similar floor plan is invaluable. Seek builders offering model homes to experience how the floor plan feels in reality. Physical interaction can solidify your decision-making process.

4. Seek builder guidance: tap into the expertise of reputable builders. Their experience can help navigate the pros and cons of various plans, aligning your needs with the available options. 

5. Deciphering the floor plan: evaluating floor plans involves decoding them beyond mere lines and shapes. Understand the holistic depiction of living spaces, from room sizes and placements to entrances, exits, and interior details. Assess the bigger picture by considering building and layout plans before zeroing in on a specific unit.

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Factors influencing costs in open floor plans

Structural changes: creating open floor plan home designs often requires structural modifications, such as removing load-bearing walls or reconfiguring support systems. These alterations necessitate expertise and might involve additional expenses for reinforcing structures.

Materials: the choice of materials can substantially influence costs. Open layouts often demand larger spans of flooring, higher quantities of paint, and larger sections of wall coverings. Additionally, if redesigning the kitchen or adding islands or countertops, materials costs might escalate.

Labour: labour costs for open floor plan home designs can be higher due to the complexity of the work involved. Skilled professionals may be required for intricate structural changes, electrical and plumbing reconfigurations, and seamless integration of various living spaces.

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Going overbudget while building your dream home can be stressful

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Budgeting tips

Research and plan ahead: gather quotes from multiple contractors and material suppliers to gauge the potential expenses. Plan for contingencies by setting aside an additional budget for unforeseen changes or upgrades.

Prioritise: identify essential aspects of the open layout that align with your lifestyle and prioritise these in your budget. Consider aspects like a spacious kitchen, seamless transitions between spaces, or specific design features that are most important to you.

Flexibility in design: be open to alternatives that offer cost savings without compromising the essence of the open floor plan home designs. Adjusting material choices or modifying specific design elements might help control expenses.

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Consult professionals: engage with experienced architects, contractors, or interior designers. Their insights can help refine your vision, offer cost-saving suggestions, and provide a realistic assessment of expenses.

Phased approach: if the budget is a concern, consider implementing open floor house plans in phases. Begin with structural changes and essential modifications, and then gradually add finer details or additional features as finances permit.

Regular review: throughout the project, revisit your budget periodically to ensure you're staying on track. Adjustments may be necessary based on unforeseen circumstances or changes in design preferences.

Assessing an open floor plan involves envisioning how your lifestyle aligns with the design, visualising furniture placement, and recognizing the potential for multifunctional zones. By estimating the flow of natural light, understanding traffic patterns, and considering privacy needs, you gain a deeper appreciation of this design choice.

How to build cooler homes?

by JSW One Homes

We understand the significance of designing and constructing cooler homes in India, especially considering the country's diverse climate and the need for energy-efficient and comfortable living spaces. With that in mind, here's a personalised guide for individual home builders, helping you understand construction materials to achieve cooler homes.

Before selecting construction materials, it's essential to understand the climate of the region where the home will be built. India experiences a range of climates, from hot and humid in coastal areas to hot and dry in desert regions and temperate in hilly areas. Materials should be tailored to the specific environment to optimise thermal comfort.

Insulation materials: insulation is crucial in keeping homes cool in hot climates by minimising heat transfer from outside to inside. Consider materials with high thermal resistance (r-value), such as expanded polystyrene (EPS) foam, extruded polystyrene (XPS) foam, or mineral wool. These materials can be installed in walls, roofs, and floors to reduce heat gain and loss.

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Reflective roofing materials: roofs can absorb significant solar heat in hot climates, making the interior spaces uncomfortably warm. Opt for reflective roofing materials such as white tiles, cool roof coatings, or metal sheets with reflective coatings. These materials reflect solar radiation instead of absorbing it, keeping the roof surface and the interior cooler.

Natural ventilation: incorporate materials and design features that promote natural ventilation, allowing cool air to flow through the home and flush out hot air. Use breathable wall finishes, operable windows, louvres, and ventilated facades to facilitate cross ventilation and promote air circulation.

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High thermal mass materials: materials with high thermal mass, such as concrete, stone, or clay, can help regulate indoor temperatures by absorbing heat during the day and releasing it slowly at night. Incorporate these materials strategically in the building envelope, such as in walls or floors, to stabilise indoor temperatures and reduce the need for mechanical cooling.

Green building materials: consider using eco-friendly and sustainable materials with natural insulating properties and low embodied energy. Examples include bamboo, straw bales, rammed earth, and compressed earth blocks. These materials help keep homes more relaxed, contribute to environmental conservation, and reduce carbon footprint.

Shading devices: use shading devices such as overhangs, pergolas, awnings, and trellises to block direct sunlight from entering windows and doors, especially on the south and west-facing facades. Choose materials for shading devices that provide adequate solar protection while allowing diffused natural light to enter the interior spaces.

Centrally placed courtyards: position courtyards centrally within the home layout to maximise cross ventilation and airflow. Courtyards act as natural air wells, drawing in cool air from the surrounding spaces and facilitating air movement throughout the interior. Design the home with taller openings or skylights around the courtyard to encourage the stack effect, where warm air rises and escapes through vents or openings at higher levels, creating a natural cooling effect and improving air circulation.

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Proper siting and orientation: consider the home's orientation and relationship to the sun's path throughout the day. Orient the building to maximise natural shading and ventilation opportunities. Use landscaping elements such as trees, shrubs, and green roofs to provide additional shading and improve microclimate conditions around the home.

Integrating water bodies, thoughtful landscaping, and centrally placed courtyards into home design allows individual builders to create cooler, more comfortable living environments that promote passive cooling, energy efficiency, and connection with nature. These design strategies enhance thermal comfort and contribute to sustainable and resilient homes that harmonise with their surroundings.

Make the smart choice for your next construction project. Contact JSW One Homes today to learn more about our services and how we can help you build a cooler home that lasts a lifetime. Our team understands the importance of selecting the right construction materials to achieve optimal thermal comfort in India's diverse climates. From insulation materials to reflective roofing and natural ventilation solutions, we've got you covered.

Does wooden flooring really work in India

by JSW One Homes

Wooden flooring has become a popular choice for home decor in recent years, and with good reason. It offers a classic, timeless look that can elevate any room in your house.

However, the question arises, does wooden flooring work in India?

India has diverse weather conditions and varied temperatures throughout the year. As a natural product, wood flooring is affected by temperature and humidity changes. It is essential to consider these factors before investing in wooden flooring for your home.

The climate in India is primarily tropical, which means it can be hot and humid in most parts of the country. This can cause problems for wooden flooring, as it is sensitive to humidity and moisture. Excessive humidity can lead to swelling and warping of the wooden planks, damaging the flooring and making it look unsightly.

However, with proper care and maintenance, wooden flooring can work in India. Here are a few factors to consider before investing in wooden flooring for your home:

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Choose the correct type of wood.

The type of wood you choose for your flooring is crucial. Some types of wood, like oak and teak, are more resistant to humidity and moisture than others. These hardwoods have a tighter grain and are less prone to swelling and warping.

On the other hand, softwood floorings like pine and cedar can be more prone to damage from humidity and moisture. It is crucial to choose the right type of wood for the climate you live in.

Choose the right finish.

The finish you choose for your wooden flooring is also important. A good finish will help protect the wood from moisture and humidity and keep it looking beautiful for years to come. Oil-based finishes are a popular choice for wooden flooring in India, as they provide a protective layer on the wood and prevent it from absorbing moisture.

Maintain the humidity levels in your home.

Maintaining the humidity levels in your home is crucial for the longevity of your wooden flooring. The humidity levels should be between 35-55% to prevent swelling and warping of the wooden planks.

Investing in a dehumidifier can help regulate the humidity levels in your home. Additionally, it is essential to avoid spilling liquids on the wooden flooring and to clean up any spills immediately to prevent damage.

Regular maintenance

Regular maintenance is key to keeping your wooden flooring looking beautiful for years to come. Sweeping or vacuuming the floors regularly can prevent dirt and debris from accumulating and scratching the surface of the wood.

It is also important to avoid dragging heavy furniture across the wooden flooring, as this can cause scratches and damage to the surface. Using furniture pads or coasters can help prevent this.

In conclusion, wooden flooring can work in India with proper care and maintenance. Choosing the right type of wood and finish is important, maintaining humidity levels in your home, and regularly cleaning and maintaining your flooring to prevent damage.

Apart from the functional aspect, wooden flooring also offers several aesthetic benefits. It is versatile and can be used to create various styles, from traditional to contemporary. It can also add warmth and texture to any room and make it feel more inviting.

Moreover, wooden flooring is also an eco-friendly option as it is a renewable resource and can be recycled at the end of its life. It is a sustainable option for those looking to reduce their carbon footprint.

In conclusion, wooden flooring can be a great choice for homes in India. It offers a timeless, classic look that can elevate any room in your house. With proper care and maintenance, wooden flooring can last for many years and provide a beautiful and sustainable flooring option for your home.

What is gypsum, and why is it used in your home construction

by JSW One Homes

Gypsum is a naturally occurring mineral used in construction for centuries. It is a soft sulfate mineral composed of calcium sulfate dihydrate with the chemical formula CaSO4·2H2O. Gypsum is abundant worldwide, and it is mined and processed to create a wide range of products used in construction, including drywall, plaster, and cement.

Gypsum has several unique properties that make it an ideal material for use in construction. Here are some of the main reasons why gypsum is used in your home construction:

Fire resistance

One of the essential properties of gypsum is its fire resistance. Gypsum contains water molecules in its crystal structure, which helps it to resist high temperatures and prevent the spread of flames. This makes gypsum an ideal material for walls and ceilings, where fire resistance is a critical factor.

Sound insulation

Gypsum is also an excellent sound insulator. Its porous structure helps to absorb sound waves and reduce noise levels, making it an ideal material for use in walls and ceilings to create a quieter and more comfortable living environment.

Durability

Gypsum is a very durable material that can withstand much wear and tear. It is resistant to mould, mildew, and pests, making it less likely to require repairs or replacements. This makes it a cost-effective and long-lasting material for use in construction.

Versatility

Gypsum is a very versatile material that can be used in various applications. It can be moulded into different shapes and sizes to create custom designs and painted or textured to create different finishes. This makes it a popular choice for residential and commercial construction.

Sustainability

Gypsum is a natural material that can be recycled and reused. It is also non-toxic and safe for human use, which makes it a sustainable and eco-friendly choice for use in construction.

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Now that we have covered some of the reasons why gypsum is used in home construction let's take a closer look at some of the specific products made from gypsum:

Drywall

Drywall, also known as gypsum board or plasterboard, is one of the most common building materials made from gypsum. It is a flat panel made from a core of gypsum sandwiched between two layers of paper or fibreglass. Drywall creates interior walls and ceilings in homes, offices, and other buildings.

Drywall is easy to install and can be cut to fit any size or shape. It is also very cost-effective, making it a popular choice for use in construction. In addition to its fire-resistant and sound-insulating properties, drywall is also an effective barrier against moisture, which helps prevent mould and mildew growth.

Plaster

Plaster is another popular building material made from gypsum. It is a mixture of gypsum powder and water applied to walls and ceilings to create a smooth surface. Plaster is typically applied in several layers and can be sanded and painted to create a finished look.

Plaster is a very versatile material that can be used to create custom designs and finishes. It is also very durable and resistant to wear and tear, making it a popular choice in high-traffic areas like hallways and staircases.

Cement

Gypsum is also used in the production of cement. Cement is a binding agent used in construction to hold materials like bricks and stones together. It is made from a mixture of limestone, clay, and gypsum, which is ground into a fine powder and heated to high temperatures to create a chemical reaction that forms the cement.

Gypsum is used in cement production because it helps regulate the cement's setting time, making it easier to work with.

In conclusion, gypsum is an essential material in the construction industry due to its numerous unique properties, such as fire resistance, sound insulation, durability, versatility, and sustainability. It is used in various products such as drywall, plaster, and cement, which are commonly used in homes, offices, and other buildings. The use of gypsum in construction has contributed to the creation of safer, more comfortable, and eco-friendly living spaces. As such, gypsum will continue to be a vital material in the construction industry for years to come.

Different Types of Paints- An Introduction to the Common House Paints

by JSW One Homes

Your home can become the home of your dreams with the use of  right paint. However, where should you go for the ideal paint for your house project? How would the finished product appear? Do exteriors require a special type of paint? What kinds of paint are there that you can use?

Understanding different paints and how they work is just as crucial as carefully choosing colours for your furniture and wall paint since the quality and finish of your wall paint will bring your ideas to life.

We have compiled a straightforward overview of the eight most popular varieties of paint and their uses.

1. Primer - Although primer technically isn't a sort of paint, you've certainly seen it when perusing the paint section of your neighbourhood hardware shop. Primer is required for many painting projects. You apply primer before anything else. It guarantees that your colour comes out true and makes it easier for the paint to stick to the surface. Use the same base for the primer as the paint of your choice, which can be water- or oil-based.

2. Oil-based paints - Oil-based paints are manufactured using oil, as the name implies, while water-based paints are made with water. In general, water-based paints are thinner, matte, and dry faster than oil-based paints, which are more durable, lustrous, and take longer to dry.

Keep in mind that severe chemicals are needed to remove oil-based paints but not water-based paints.

3.Emulsion Paints - Most emulsions are water-based paints with quick-drying properties, unlike conventional oil paints. Being alkali resistant, having a rich texture, and having higher colour retention properties make it a popular choice for paint contractors looking for long-lasting paint. The fact that water-based emulsions dry rapidly and do not leave an odour is your largest advantage as a homeowner. Acrylic emulsions, with their adaptable and flexible finish over the years, provide your lovely home with resistance to cracking.

Did you know that sunshine can cause your wall paints to fade? Do not worry though; acrylic emulsions are also resistant to this.

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4.Interior and Exterior House Paint - Interior and exterior paint tins are the norms. This serves as a guide for where the painting should be done. Exterior paints often have an oil base, while interior paints typically have a water base.

5.Enamel Paint - Because of their longevity, oil-based paints are occasionally referred to as "enamel." Gloss and semi-gloss enamel paints are available in a variety of finishes and are frequently used on the trim around windows and doors. Enamel paint has the disadvantage of eventual discolouring.

6.Latex Paint - Even if there is absolutely no latex in the paint, the term "latex paint" refers to water-based paint.

7.Acrylic Paint - Another name for water-based paint that has acrylic added as a binding agent is acrylic paint. Several types of acrylic paint are available, including:

  • ·Latex acrylic

  • Acrylic paint

  • Enamel acrylic latex

Acrylic enamel paints do not contain any oil- or water-based paint. The term is a result of the paint's increased tensile strength. When buying acrylic paint, always verify the tin because the label does not always imply that the paint genuinely contains acrylic or latex.

8.Speciality House Paints – You may have heard of waterproofing, crack-bridging, and antifungal coatings. There are particular kinds of interior and exterior wall paints that are designed to protect walls from weather, domestic settings, and abrasion. Speciality home paints tackle wall and environment concerns with aesthetic value as bonus points, ranging from UV resistant, water-based exteriors to holistic weather protectants. Here's a special note for interior eco-friendly, healthy home paints that are created without using hazardous chemicals or vapours for a safer environment.

To give the aforementioned varieties of house paints a particular feature, additives may be used. Several are:

  • Mold or mildew defence

  • Anti-fire agents

  • Anti-condensation

Conclusion

Each paint has a distinct set of applications or uses. Here is a brief summation of the various paint varieties, along with their various uses and applications:

  • Oil paints are a durable option.

  • Emulsions: A durable aesthetic

  • Enamel paint: A judicious option

  • Speciality paint:Long-lasting and more protective

Click here to read more blogs on the types of materials that can be used in your dream home construction!

How to select the right paint colour

by JSW One Homes

Choosing the right type of paint is an integral decision because there are two primary types of paint that you need to consider, based on your needs and requirements: water-based paints and oil-based paints.

Water-based paints

This is an extremely common type of paint available, with water as its primary ingredient. 

Key advantages:

  • No need of pre-treatment

  • Absence of growth of mould

  • Minimal emission of toxins, such as VOCs (Volatile Organic Compounds)

  • Easy to maintain and care for

  • Dries quickly

  • Flexible and Elastic finish

  • Excellent resistance to cracking

  • Can be applied to all types of surfaces

  • Zero fading in sunlight

  • Simple clean-up with water

Oil-based paints

This type of paint is predominantly used to obtain a glossy finish on surfaces such as doors, woodwork, and other furniture items.

Key advantages:

  • Provides a splendid sheen and gloss

  • Ideal for spaces with high-moisture content (such as kitchens and bathrooms)

  • Provides a smooth, levelled finish that is also hard and durable

There are two pointers that need to be considered when opting for an oil-based paint. 

  1. This type of paint emits stronger fumes and takes longer to dry.

  2. You cannot wash oil-based paints with water. Solvents such as turpentine are needed for washing brushes or other materials.

Another classification of paints is based on the functionality of the application: (1) Interior Paints and (2) Exterior Paints.

Interior and exterior paints

Interior paints must be easy to maintain and wash, with resistance to dampness to a certain extent. They are highly decorative and resistant to scratches.

On the other hand, exterior paints are exposed to a wide array of weather conditions and radiation variations. So, protection against UV rays, fungal growth, and dampness is needed. Exterior paints must be highly durable to safeguard against extreme weather, when it comes to dampness, cracks, fading, and dew saturation. 

JSW Paints has come up with 3 different paint brands: Pixa, Aurus and Halo. Each of these paint brands is available for both interior and exterior use.

JSW interior paints are further subdivided into Pixa Joy Classic Interiors, Pixa Elegant Interiors, Halo Majestic Interiors, and Aurus Regal Interiors. When it comes to the Exterior paints segment, JSW has come up with Pixa Elegant Exteriors, Aurus Regal Exteriors, and Halo Majestic Exteriors.

For wood and metal surfaces, JSW paints offer Halo AquaGlo, which imparts a majestic glossy finish. Another variant offers a satin finish.

Now, let us look at the different types of paints based on their composition.

  • Distemper Paint

The basic quality when it comes to water-based paints that are available in the Indian market is distemper paint. It is also known as a whitewash. It can be durably sustained for 4-5 years but can peel off with ease when wet. It is commonly used for “hidden” surfaces.

  • Emulsion Paints

Emulsion paint is a type of water-based paint that dries off in a quick manner and offers a matte finish. It offers superb resistance to humidity and can be successfully cleaned by washing. Emulsion paints offer good resistance to humidity. JSW’s range of paints is emulsion paints.

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  • Enamel Paint

This type of paint offers a shiny coat of paint for doorframes and metallic surfaces. Moreover, it is resistant to moisture. It is apt for wooden surfaces.

  • Lustre Paint

As suggested by the name, these paints offer a pearl-like, super-smooth finish. Being a tad more expensive, it is ideal for rooms used for parties and social gatherings and those with a higher footfall. This paint is oil-based.

  • Texture Paint

This type of paint is used on “show” walls. Texture paint is applied with special tools to create a 3D texture. Generally, these are paint compositions that offer a tactile and volumetric feel.

  • Cement Paint

This exterior variety of paint offers good sustenance in diverse weather conditions to resist radiation and heat as well as to prevent water penetration. Typically, it is applied on porous surfaces such as concrete and rough plaster, excluding gypsum.

On a final note:

JSW paints is a greenfield venture that is backed by state-of-the-art technology, scale, and automation comparable to this sector’s leading players. JSW manufactures and markets both industrial coatings and decorative paints. When it comes to industrial coatings, JSW Paints successfully commenced operations with coil coatings, whereas in the segment of decorative paints, JSW offers a complete range of water-based paints for interior as well as exterior walls, along with paints for wooden and metallic surfaces.

Design principles for captivating 3D front elevations

by JSW One Homes

Designing your dream home is an exciting journey, and today's technology can enhance it. Contemporary house design is a dynamic interplay of form, function, and aesthetics, with the front elevation serving as the face of a structure. In today's digital age, the integration of 3D technology has revolutionised home construction and front elevations. This article discusses the design principles that a homeowner should know when presented with 3D front elevations by architects and designers during home construction.

Definition of front elevations in architectural design

A front elevation is like a picture of the front of a home. This drawing or image includes details like doors, windows, and other design features. Architects and designers use front elevations to help individual home builders, like you, to understand how a home will look before it's built. It is a crucial aspect offering the first visual impression and setting the tone for the entire structure.

modern_home_design

Significance of 3D visualisation

The advent of 3D technology has elevated front elevations from static drawings to dynamic, immersive experiences. 3D home design allows architects to convey the depth, scale, and spatial relationships of a design in ways that traditional drawings cannot. The spatial relationships show the way different elements within a space relate to and interact with each other. For example, the arrangement of rooms, corridors, and outdoor spaces in a home.

3D technology facilitates more lifelike renderings that showcase the interplay of light and shadow, the texture of materials, and the overall ambience of the design.

What you must look for in good front elevations?

Balance and symmetry
Achieving visual equilibrium is fundamental to captivating front elevations in contemporary house design. A balanced design instils a sense of stability and order, drawing the individual home builder’s eye to key focal points. 

modern_home_design

Example: Imagine a front elevation where a central, symmetrical arrangement of windows and doors creates a sense of equilibrium. The symmetry brings a feeling of order and stability, making the home's facade visually appealing.

Proportion and scale
Ensuring proper proportions and scale is critical for a front elevation that resonates with viewers. Oversized or undersized elements can disrupt the visual harmony, while a well-balanced proportion enhances the overall aesthetic appeal.

Example: Picture a house with well-proportioned elements – windows that aren't too small for the walls or a door that fits seamlessly into the design.

Unity and harmony
Creating a unified design concept ensures that all elements work cohesively to convey a singular message. Harmony in material and colour selection establishes a cohesive narrative, contributing to the visual impact of the front elevation.

Example: Consider a front elevation in 3D home design where the materials and colours used throughout are carefully chosen to work together.

colour_palette

Contrast and variety
Strategic use of contrast adds visual interest to a front elevation. It can be achieved through variations in colour, texture, or form. However, balance is key to prevent overwhelming the viewer with excessive contrast.

Example: A home with a predominantly neutral colour scheme, where the front elevation incorporates a bold, contrasting element such as a brightly coloured front door or a textured accent wall.

Rhythm and repetition
Establishing a visual rhythm guides the viewer's gaze through the front elevation. Repetitive design elements contribute to a sense of continuity and flow, enhancing the overall visual experience.

Example: Envision a front elevation where a rhythmic pattern of evenly spaced windows or architectural features guides the eye along the facade.

Incorporating textures for visual interest
Textures add depth and tactile quality to a design. In 3D renderings, the portrayal of textures is crucial for conveying the feel of materials, be it the warmth of wood, the coolness of stone, or the sleekness of metal.

Lighting in 3D front elevations
Lighting can accentuate key features, create shadows that enhance depth, and evoke a specific mood. In 3D front elevations, lighting plays a pivotal role in shaping the visual narrative.

modern_home_design

Use of both natural and artificial light sources adds dynamism to a 3D front elevation. Highlighting certain elements with light creates focal points, guiding the homeowner's attention and emphasising the design's unique features.

Technological advancements in 3D front elevation design

Overview of software and tools for 3D rendering

When it comes to crafting your dream home, there's a world of software and tools at your fingertips. From trusted industry favourite like AutoCAD to specialised rendering tools, the choices are abundant.

Benefits of Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR) in front elevation design

In the modern world of home design, Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR) are your key to an extraordinary experience. These cutting-edge technologies bring your 3D home vision to life in ways you've never imagined. Picture yourself walking through your future home, making decisions in an immersive, interactive space.

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Staying updated with evolving design trends

The field of architectural design is dynamic, with trends constantly evolving. Staying abreast of emerging design trends ensures you can see fresh ideas and innovative approaches into your 3D front elevation of contemporary house design.

In conclusion, if you're an individual looking to build a home, understand the core principles, embracing the beauty of materials and textures, harnessing the power of lighting, and keeping up with the latest in technology.

Marble vs Tile vs Granite

by JSW One Homes

Choosing materials is pivotal when building a house, home design and renovation. Each element contributes to your space's overall aesthetic, functionality, and maintenance requirements. In this article, we will explore three popular materials—marble, tile, and granite—and help you decide which one fits best when building a house.

Marble

Marble is a timeless and elegant natural stone used for centuries in architecture and interior design preferred by home builders. Its luxurious appearance and unique veining patterns make it a top choice for those seeking luxury in their homes.

Fashionable_modern_interior_of_a_light_studio_apartment_with_wooden_columns_in_the_loft_style

Pros of marble:

Exudes sophistication and elegance: Its natural veining adds character and uniqueness to any space. Whether you're considering marble countertops, flooring, or a bathroom vanity top, it will instantly elevate the aesthetic appeal of your home.

High resale value: Marble is a classic material that appeals to many homebuyers. Investing in marble surfaces can increase the resale value of your property, making it an attractive option for those looking to sell in the future.

Natural cooling properties: Marble is known for its ability by the home builders to stay cool, making it an excellent choice for warm climates. This natural cooling property can be particularly advantageous for kitchen countertops where you might place hot cookware.

Cons of marble:

High maintenance requirements: Marble is porous and requires regular sealing to prevent staining and moisture absorption. Failing to maintain marble surfaces can lead to damage over time.

Susceptibility to staining and etching: Marble is vulnerable to acidic substances like vinegar and citrus juices, which can cause etching and discolouration. Spills should be cleaned promptly to avoid stains.

Recommended applications for marble:

Kitchen countertops: Marble countertops make a stunning focal point in kitchens but require careful maintenance to keep them looking their best.

Bathroom vanity tops: Adds a touch of luxury to bathrooms. However, it's essential to use coasters and regularly seal the surface to prevent staining.

Flooring: Marble flooring can create an elegant ambience in your home's entryway, living room, or bathroom. Be prepared for regular maintenance, though.

Tile

Tile is a versatile and durable material known for its wide range of design options and suitability for various applications. As home builders, whether you're looking to enhance the aesthetics of your kitchen or bathroom or create a stylish outdoor patio, tile offers numerous advantages.

The_hands_of_the_tiler_are_laying_the_ceramic_tile_on_the_floor

Pros of tile:

Wide range of design options: Tiles come in various sizes, shapes, colours, and patterns, allowing you to unleash your creativity and personalise your space. From mosaic backsplashes to intricate bathroom floor designs, tiles offer limitless design possibilities.

Cons of tile:

Cold and hard underfoot: While tile's durability is an asset, it can feel cold and hard underfoot, which may not be suitable for everyone, especially in bedrooms and living areas.

Grout maintenance: The grout between tiles can be a magnet for dirt and stains. Periodic resealing and cleaning are necessary to keep the grout looking good.

Recommended applications for tile:

Kitchen backsplashes: Tiles add style and protection to your kitchen walls. They are easy to clean and come in various patterns and colours.

Bathroom shower walls and floors: They are a go-to choice for bathroom surfaces, where moisture resistance and easy maintenance are crucial.

Outdoor patios: Durable outdoor tiles can transform your patio into an inviting space for relaxation and entertainment.

Granite

Granite is a popular choice for those seeking natural stone surfaces that are beautiful and incredibly durable. Its unique patterns and colours make it a sought-after option for various applications.

White_kitchen_design_features_large_bar_style_kitchen_island_with_granite_countertop_illuminated_by_modern_pendant_lights

Pros of granite:

Exceptional durability: It is one of the hardest natural stones, making it highly resistant to scratches, dents, and heat. It can withstand the rigours of daily kitchen use.

Unique patterns and colours: Every granite slab is one-of-a-kind, boasting distinct patterns and hues. This natural variation ensures that your granite surface is truly unique.

Heat and scratch resistance: Granite's heat resistance makes it ideal for kitchen countertops, where hot pots and pans are frequently placed. It's also less likely to scratch compared to other materials.

Cons of granite:

Higher cost: Granite is generally more expensive than marble or tile, which can be a limiting factor for budget-conscious homeowners.

Requires periodic sealing: Like marble, granite is porous and requires regular sealing to prevent staining and moisture absorption.

Recommended applications for granite:

Kitchen countertops: Granite countertops look stunning and offer excellent durability and heat resistance.

Fireplace surrounds: Granite can add a touch of elegance and sophistication to your fireplace, making it a focal point in your living room.

Outdoor kitchen surfaces: Granite's durability and resistance to the elements make it suitable for outdoor kitchen countertops and bar areas.

Cost Comparison
Material cost: Granite tends to be the most expensive, followed by marble, while tile offers a more budget-friendly option.

Installation cost: Tile installation is generally more budget-friendly than marble or granite due to the labour involved.

Maintenance cost: Marble and granite may incur higher maintenance costs due to periodic sealing requirements. 

Kitchen_counter_top_color_samples_made_of_natural_granite

Style and aesthetic considerations

Marble: Ideal for creating an elegant and luxurious ambience.
Tile: Offers endless design possibilities and suits modern and traditional techniques.
Granite: Adds a touch of natural beauty and sophistication to your home.
Consider your desired aesthetic and how each material complements your overall design vision.

modern_home_design

Get an expert consultation

for all your queries.

Choosing the right material for your home involves carefully considering your budget, style preferences, and maintenance capabilities. Marble, tile, and granite each offer distinct advantages and drawbacks. Ultimately, the decision should align with your lifestyle and design vision. Consult with professionals and experts to make an informed choice that will enhance the beauty and functionality of your living spaces for years to come. Whether you opt for the timeless luxury of marble, the versatility of tile, or the enduring strength of granite, your home will reflect your unique taste and personality.

 

Tips to help you select the right materials for your home

by JSW One Homes

An efficient home design can be achieved only with the use of quality materials. So, materials are key when it comes to a well-functioning home. Moreover, the quality of construction majorly depends on the materials used. 

The home building materials you choose will ultimately define the overall endurance and durability of your home. So, you should be extra cautious and choosy when purchasing home building materials.

The best way to decide which materials will suit your needs and requirements is by closely analysing the cost, aesthetics, stability, and maintenance of each material. 

There is a wide array of available construction materials, and it can be an arduous task to decide the most optimum possibilities for your diverse needs. Here are 6 useful tips that will help you select the right materials for building a home.

1. Avoid surprisingly cheap materials

While you are on the lookout for a diverse range of construction materials, you will realise that the rate varies substantially. As a rule of thumb, it is not desirable to always choose cheap and affordable products. You need to consider a product’s lifespan and utility. When you purchase substandard materials, you may eventually end up with the need to restore them frequently, which can turn out to be more expensive than the initial investment. Opting for building materials that will successfully serve you for extended durations will be cost-efficient.

2. Consider the weather

Another crucial aspect when it comes to selection of building materials is the weather of the place you are building your in. Specific determinants such as the average extent of heat and cold, rainfall, snowfall, amount of daylight received, and the required ventilation are some of the points that you need to account for. The materials must efficiently respond to the weather conditions of the region.

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3. Opt for durable materials

Some materials serve for longer periods and are more resistant to moisture, corrosion and several other environmental conditions. The chosen materials need to be able to adapt to climatic and weather conditions. Some materials degenerate in a quicker manner, especially when the humidity is high. Selected materials need to possess durability and strength that are needed for the specific region and condition of use.

4. Go for sustainable materials wherever possible

While the construction industry is rapidly evolving, the need for building materials is growing with a tremendous simultaneous surge in carbon footprint: usage of cement raises the emission of carbon. So, using sustainable and eco-friendly construction materials such as bamboo, earth, metakaolin, fly ash, rice husk ash, blast furnace slag sand and silica fume is tremendously beneficial rather than using cement and concrete. The most desirable materials are the ones that are reusable. If you are someone who cares about the environment and want to ensure that your new home is not only built with a sustainable approach, you should opt for JSW cement. JSW Cement is India’s first-ever cement manufacturer to receive the GreenPro Certification for two of its products. For more information on the product, you can visit https://www.jswcement.in/

5. Give importance to aesthetic appeal

Every one of us has unique and diverse needs, tastes and preferences. It is rightly said that beauty lies in the eyes of the beholder. What one individual considers attractive and charming may not be of any interest to the other. Only you know what type of quality of home that you would love to live in. The choices you make (as well as the climatic conditions and your budget) will eventually determine the type of materials and appearance of the home that you desire.

6. Give a thought to performance

Choose materials that possess the structural potential to bear and sustain a load of your home. For example, while determining the material for roofing, one needs to ensure that the structure of your home can totally support it. Opt for high-performance materials, which will make it possible for you to live comfortably in your home without any unfavourable effects, such as those caused by detrimental chemical emissions by certain materials.

The Final Word

To sum it all up, these are some practical tips to make the challenging task of selecting and purchasing home materials less troublesome. Purchasing building materials for your home can be an enjoyable task when taken seriously.

How to select cement for the construction of your dream home

by JSW One Homes

Nearly every day, we see advertisements in the media promoting “strong” cement. As a discerning user, you should have some knowledge of cement, especially if you are planning to construct a new house. Mentioned below are some facts that will help you in selecting the best cement for house construction.

Which Cement Is Best For House Construction?

There are three primary types of cement that are generally used for residential house construction: (1) Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) and (2) Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC), and (3) Portland Slag Cement (PSC).

  • OPC

It is one of the most common types of cement that is used to construct houses. It is manufactured via a chemical combination of calcium, iron, aluminium, silicon and other ingredients in highly controlled conditions. OPC cement that is used in residential construction is available in three different grades: 33 Grade, 43 Grade, and 53 Grade.

33 Grade: This grade of OPC cement is predominantly used for small-scale construction, wherein the strength of concrete does not really matter. For example, small-house construction.

43 Grade: This grade of cement is used in medium-scaled construction activities, wherein strength is needed, and the concrete must take loads of weight above it. For instance, a three-floor house.

53 Grade: This cement grade is used in construction activities wherein an enormous strength of concrete is needed. This grade of OPC cement is primarily used in mass constructions or special projects rather than house construction.

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  • PPC

The use of PPC is increasing in present times in house construction because it contains pozzolana materials as its active constituents, which successfully impart enhanced properties to this type of cement.

It is manufactured by using pozzolanic materials as one of the primary constituents. The percentage of this material should lie in the range of 10%-30%.

In contrast to OPC cement, PPC cement does not have different grades. The eventual strength of PPC cement can be compared to OPC 43 Grade cement. 

PPC is ideal for house construction because it offers a much better performance in the long term in comparison with OPC cement. 

  • PSC

Portland Slag Cement (or PSC) is a type of blended cement. Slag is basically a non-metallic product that is comprised of more than 90% glass along with silicates as well as alumino-silicates of lime. 

PSC is produced with a combination of approximately 45%-50% of slag, 45%-50% of clinker, and 3%-5% of gypsum.

The chemical composition of PSC offers numerous advantages over other types of cement. Besides being eco-friendly, it possesses ultimate compressive strength, while offering phenomenal resistance to sulphate and chloride attacks. This specific feature improves workability, while significantly lowering the risks of cracking. It is known for its superior finish and minimised shrinkage cracks. 

PSC can be successfully used for all types of residential as well as commercial projects. It complements the construction of dams and other water-retaining structures because of its high resistance to alkali-silica reactions and amazingly fewer shrinkage cracks. 

It is also used in special structures such as pre-stressed concrete. Because of its excellent resistance power to corrosion, it is widely used in coastal regions.

To Summarise

When it comes to cement required for house construction, both OPC and PPC are efficient. The only factors that play a definitive role while choosing between the two are the setting time and durability. While OPC has a low setting time, PPC requires more setting time.

So, if you want to get rid of the scaffolding in a lesser time, then you should opt for OPC 43 or 53 Grade cement. That said, if you are ready and willing to extend this setting time, PPC would be your ideal bet.

The sole advantage that PPC has in comparison with OPC is durability. Home construction executed with PPC cement is much more durable than that with OPC cement.

The Final Word:

Always remember that the cement you select is of utmost significance because it will eventually determine your home’s quality, life, durability and structural integrity. If you require expert guidance, you can contact JSW One Homes.

How to select the best tiles for your home

by JSW One Homes

Tiles continue to be one of the most desirable flooring solutions for your home. Besides offering strength and durability, tiles impart a classy look to your home. Easy to clean and maintain, tiles for home are available in a wide array of designs and colours that can easily blend in with your home décor.

Tiles for the interiors

1. Ceramic tiles

These are available in both glazed (polished) and unglazed finishes. Glazed ones may be decorated or plain, with a primary usage for walls and floors. They are one of the best tiles for homes.

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2. Mosaic tiles

These are generally small tiles manufactured from natural stone, porcelain, ceramic, or glass. They are available in glazed and unglazed varieties and are an excellent way to add colour to your rooms, without making them appear fuzzy. They are typically installed in bathrooms and kitchens.

3. Natural stone tiles

These tiles include marble, granite, and limestone, among others. The durability of these tiles varies based on the material. Materials such as granite and marble can be used for kitchen counters, bathrooms, or living rooms.

4. Vitrified tiles

They are processed to ensure durability and resistance to stains, scratches, and acid. They are comparatively cheaper than other variants and are available in a wide range of colours. They are ideal for any room.

5. Quarry tiles

These unglazed tiles are highly durable and can be used both indoors and outdoors. They are perfect for the kitchen floor.

Tiles for the exterior

1. Cement or Concrete tiles

These tiles are extremely strong and sturdy, making them ideal for exterior floors or driveways. Because they lack a smooth finish, they offer an excellent grip even when wet.

2. Terracotta tiles

These are manufactured from natural clay. They are highly durable and water-resistant. They may be glazed to obtain a wide range of colours and extra durability. They are ideal for walls and floors, while some variants may be used for your home’s roof.

3. Porcelain tiles

These tiles are formulated using clay-based materials at an extremely high temperature. This process makes these tiles dense, highly durable, moisture resistant, hard and ideal for outdoor tiling. 

4. Slate tiles

Slate is a natural stone that is formed under extreme heat and pressure. This natural formation makes it highly durable and extremely hard, which is ideal for outdoor tiling. 

Choosing tiles according to the space

  • Bathroom

For your bathroom, ceramic tiles are more preferable. Glazed ceramic tiles are ideal for bathroom walls but not for the flooring because they get slippery when wet. Instead, anti-skid tiles, as they offer a nice grip and are safer to walk on even when wet. You can add a colour element with the addition of borders to your bathroom tiles.

To select

the right tiles for your home

  • Living room

When it comes to your living room, you have a wide range of choices from natural stones to ceramic tiles. Porcelain, Italian marble, and terracotta are the most sought-after ones these days.

  • Kitchen

Using ceramic tiles for your kitchen is ideal because they are highly durable and are available in a wide range of patterns and colours. Opt for scratch-resistant versions because kitchens are a high-traffic area. Select smaller tiles for smaller kitchens and larger ones where space is not a constraint.

  • Terrace or roof

When it comes to terrace tiles or the roof, use light and basic colours. White is highly preferable because it helps in reducing room temperature drastically. 

The final word

Choosing tiles based solely upon outward appearance can have disastrous outcomes in the long run. It is important to zero in on tiles that can withstand the daily wear and tear of your household. Ensure that you pick a tile that is specifically designed for that area of your house. Use the help of experts if you are confused about it. Contact JSW One Homes for consultations.

Green Cement: The future of sustainability

by JSW One Homes

Going green and sustainability have become more than just buzzwords – it’s a way of business that pays off. Climate change and pollution are exerting an overarching impact on the earth’s socio-economic and eco-systems.

But what does it mean to go green or eco-friendly, and how important is the sustainability quotient when using construction materials for home construction these days?

Sustainability is essentially making something that lasts long. It improves the quality of life, protects the ecosystem, and is a key to a better future. The primary idea behind using sustainable building materials is to construct a structure that lasts. A longer-lasting structure or home means lower maintenance costs. The idea of sustainable construction integrates a variety of strategies during the design, construction, and operation of the building.

Concrete is a building material that is used the most in any construction. Most of the infrastructure in the world has been built using concrete in some or the other form. The chemical processes that convert limestone into calcium oxide are the major cause of the CO2 emissions. As per the reports, traditional cement production of 4.2 billion tons amounts to about 8% of the global CO2 emissions. This number can be reduced to a significant extent by replacing the traditional cement with green cement. Roughly 60% less thermal energy is consumed in green cement production than the Ordinary Portland Cement. It also reduces the urban heat island effect by increasing the concrete reflectivity.

Green cement uses a carbon-negative process of manufacturing. The major raw materials used to produce green cement include mostly the discarded waste from the industry. The slag from the blast furnace and fly ash are the chief materials used in the manufacturing of green cement. This is also the reason why the cost of green cement is way less than traditional cement.

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Types of Green Cement: -

Geopolymer Cement: Also called alkali-activated cement, geopolymer cement is made by reacting aluminate and silicate-bearing materials with activators like fly ash or slag from iron and metal production. It is the most suitable substitute for ordinary Portland cement (OPC) and emits 95% less CO2.

Calcium Sulfoaluminate Cement (CSA): This cement is produced by burning CSA clinker from limestone, bauxite, and calcium sulfate at around 1250 degrees Celsius and blending the clinker with 15-25% gypsum. Because of its early strength development, the setting time of this kind of cement is rapid. It is known for its remarkable performance in aggressive exposure conditions.

Magnesium oxychloride cement: Sorel cement or magnesium oxychloride cement is manufactured from the aqueous reaction between the two by-products of magnesium mining namely magnesium oxide powder and a concentrated solution of magnesium chloride. Although MOC has excellent mechanical properties, its poor water resistance reduces its strength. However, that can be offset by using additives like fly ash.

Sequestrated Carbon Cement: This cement is made by using seawater and brine compounded with CO2. In the manufacturing process, the gases that consist of CO2 are filtered through seawater. The compressive strength of concrete with sequestration of CO2 gas is higher than that of concrete without sequestration.

Ekkomaxx Cement: Ekkomaxx cement is a rigorously engineered cement with better durability, corrosion resistance, higher early strength development, improved volume stability, and low retained moisture. As per the United States Green Building Council, this cement has nearly zero carbon footprint.

Ferrocrete: Ferrocrete or Ferrocement is a relatively thin structural composite material made by switching layers of welded steel wire meshes and cement mortar. Ferrocement is a widely used cement alternative in the construction industry due to low self-weight, lack of skilled workers, and no need for a framework.

Cement is largely the most essential resource for constructing homes. However, cement manufacturing is extremely energy intensive and contributes significantly to the global warning which needs immediate cutback. In this endeavor, the implementation of green production practices and technologies in the cement sector is imperative for India, because the country is the second biggest producer worldwide.

When choosing building materials, it is also important to consider the lifespan of the material. A good design is achievable only with quality materials and hence materials are the solution to a good functioning building. At JSW, cement is produced from the slag produced during the steel-making process. Slag is extremely effective in reducing permeability and adds to the concrete durability. This can replace 70-80% of ordinary portland cement in most constructions. JSW Green cement is India’s first cement to receive the coveted Green Pro Certification for Portland Slag Cement from the Confederation of Indian Industry – Indian Green Building Council.

Construction is responsible for a substantial amount of material and energy consumption. There are so many eco-friendly materials in construction available these days. Long dismissed for being costlier, the myth has finally started to bust and green materials are seeing a surge in popularity. If you’re planning to build a home, make sure to incorporate the use of sustainable and eco-friendly materials like green cement, and in the long run, you will certainly save a lot of money owing to lesser maintenance and more durability besides enjoying better health and conserving the environment for both current and future generations.

Tips to keep in mind when selecting materials for your bathroom

by JSW One Homes

Everyone would love to have a bathroom that has a healthy blend of both comfort and functionality. That said, the materials used to build a bathroom have an equally important role to play as the aesthetics, because they will determine the durability of the bathroom. 

During the process of constructing a bathroom, an obvious question that will arise is what are the materials that one needs to purchase. Therefore, let us throw more light in the form of tips that you can consider while selecting the most captivating material for your bathroom.

1. Come up with a budget

Surely, it is vital to know how much you are ready to spend to build your bathroom. This will help you choose the right accessories for the bathroom as well. If the resources are limited, it may not be a good idea to splurge too much. Therefore, come up with a budget, which will help in better planning.

2. Know your needs

Before you go on a shopping spree, make it a point to list down your needs and requirements. Check what needs to be placed at each section of the bathroom. Tiles for bathroom floor, wall tiles, bathroom doors, bathroom mirror, bathroom fittings, and mirror cabinets are truly indispensable. Hence, devote sufficient time when you go shopping for these.

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3. Consult experts before picking up essentials 

Bathroom essentials such as pipes, tanks, other fittings, etc may not always be visible but are essential, and even the slightest damage in them can wreak havoc in your bathroom. So it is extremely important that you select the best material for these essential items. For this, it is always advisable to consult an expert as they will better guide you through the process and how to choose the best.

4. Lighting and wiring

It may not always occur to you in the first instance, but you need good lighting and wiring in your bathroom because if the electrical work is not perfect, it can have life-threatening outcomes. A bathroom has appliances like lights, geyser, exhaust fan, etc which need proper electric supply. So, it is important to make it a point to check the quality of materials used in the bathroom, most importantly the wires, to avoid all the possible risks. 

5. Give a thought to tile selection 

This goes without saying that marble flooring looks good in your study, but is not best suited for your bathroom. You may want your bathroom to look stunning, but safety is something that you cannot underestimate. So when it comes to selecting flooring tiles for a bathroom ensure that they give you a good grip to avoid slipping and other accidents. 

6. Devote a lot of attention to bathroom wall finishing

Your bathroom walls are going to be damp and moist most of the time which can make them weak and leaky if good waterproofing is not done. You can either opt for full wall tiling in the bathroom, which is always the best option or make sure the right waterproofing is done to avoid leaks.

The final word

Making the right choices while selecting materials for your bathroom will stand the test of time whereas the wrong choices may demand alterations and modifications after just a short period, so it’s important to choose wisely.

How to select steel for constructing your dream house

by JSW One Homes

Getting a strong foundation in place is surely the first step when it comes to building your dream home. To help your house withstand the ravages caused by time and weather, you need to use durable steel for construction. Selecting the best steel bars is vital to strengthen and fortify your home. You need to take various factors into consideration when selecting the right kind of steel. Read on to find out which is the best steel for house construction.

Best steel for house construction

TMT (Thermo-Mechanical Treatment) steel is your best bet when it comes to house construction. This steel is reinforcement steel’s latest generation, with a higher strength and ductility in comparison with its predecessors.

They are further graded as Fe415 and Fe500, which is the yield strength of 415 and 500 N/mm2, respectively. Higher grades, too, are available.

What is TMT steel?

TMT steel is high-strength reinforcement bars produced using the thermomechanical method. These bars have a firm outer core in addition to a soft inner core. TMT steel bars are renowned for their high tensile strength, which is of paramount importance when it comes to withstanding extreme weather conditions. The durability of TMT bars largely depends on their corrosion and rust-resistant features.

Ribbed TMT bars offer enhanced reinforcement to concrete structures, thus lowering the chances of any damage during any potential seismic activity. TMT bars demonstrate their quality via their flexibility and toughness.

How to select steel for construction?

Some of the most important factors to consider while selecting the most ideal steel for your house are mentioned below.

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  • Latest state-of-the-art technology

The manufacturing world of steel bars is constantly evolving. So, new technological innovations are always brewing. Always ensure that you select your manufacturer in a wise manner, someone who uses the latest, state-of-the-art technologies. Some of the sturdiest TMT bars are constructed from pure raw materials.

  • Choose between primary and secondary steel

Primary steel is obtained from a process that is known as BOF (Basic Oxygen Furnace) method. In this steelmaking process, iron ore (which is the raw material) is transformed into iron billets that are used to produce steel bars. On the contrary, secondary steel is generally produced in an electric arc furnace. The main raw material that is used to produce these steel bars is scrap steel.

  • Crosscheck for certification

Prior to purchasing TMT bars, you need to check for relevant certifications such as ISO (International Organisation for Standardisation), BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) and others. These certifications are a reassurance that your choice of TMT bars strictly adheres to good manufacturing practices and safety protocols.

  • Choose from a wide variety

The strength of a steel bar is inversely proportional to its flexibility. Higher grades of steel ensure enhanced performance. Some of the diverse steel grades include Fe415, Fe550, Fe600, and Fe500SD. It is a good idea to check the gradations before purchasing TMT bars.

  • Corrosion And Rust-Resistance

In India’s hot and humid conditions, it is a smart move to opt for those steel bars that are highly resistant to corrosion, arising from rust, humidity, and heat. This resistance significantly improves the durability of each TMT bar that is needed for concrete structures.

The final word:

In most forms of house construction, TMT bars play a vital role. The entire strength of your house and its support system rest on these bars. A little bit of research can go a long way in ensuring formidable durability to your house, which can last many generations. For more detailed information and consultation, you can contact JSW One Homes

Why should you prefer blended cement for your home construction

by JSW One Homes

When building a new home or undertaking a renovation project, one of the most important decisions you'll have to make is what type of cement to use. While traditional Portland cement is the most widely used option, blended cement is quickly becoming a popular choice among builders and homeowners alike. This blog will look at blended cement and explain why it's the best choice for your home construction.

 1. Blended cement has an improved strength and durability. Adding materials such as fly ash and slag to the cement mixture increases its compressive and tensile strength, making it more resistant to cracking and damage over time. This means that buildings constructed with blended cement are less likely to experience structural issues and will have a longer lifespan. This makes blended cement a better choice for your home construction because it will be more durable and last longer, saving you money in the long run.

 2. Blended cement is also a more cost-effective option than traditional Portland cement. Including materials such as fly ash and slag in the cement, mixture means that less Portland cement is required, reducing the cement's overall cost. Additionally, blended cement is often more readily available than traditional Portland cement, which can further reduce costs. This makes blended cement a better choice for your home construction because it will be more affordable and cost-effective.

3. Blended cement is a more sustainable and environmentally-friendly option than traditional Portland cement. The production of Portland cement is a significant contributor to greenhouse gas emissions, as it requires high temperatures to produce and releases carbon dioxide. Blended cement, on the other hand, is made by mixing traditional Portland cement with other materials such as fly ash, slag, or limestone. This reduces the energy required to produce the cement and its carbon footprint. By using blended cement, you'll make a more sustainable choice for your home construction, which is better for the environment and future generations.

4. In terms of versatility, blended cement is a better choice than traditional Portland cement. Blended cement can be tailored to specific needs by adjusting the proportions of the materials used; this allows for a broader range of applications. This means that blended cement can be used for various construction projects, including foundations, walls, floors, and more. This makes blended cement a better choice for your home construction because it is more versatile and can be used for many applications.

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5. Finally, blended cement is also a better choice for the Indian construction industry because it is more resistant to the weathering effects of the Indian climate. The Indian climate is characterized by high humidity and extreme temperature fluctuations, which can cause traditional Portland cement to crack and degrade over time. Blended cement, however, is less affected by these weathering effects and is better able to withstand the rigors of the Indian climate. This makes blended cement a better choice for your home construction because it will be more resistant to the weathering effects of the Indian climate, making your home more durable and long-lasting.

In conclusion, blended cement is more sustainable, durable, cost-effective, versatile, and weather-resistant than traditional Portland cement. Using blended cement in your home construction can ensure that your building will be stronger, more energy-efficient, and more environmentally friendly. With blended cement, you'll be able to enjoy a home that is built to last and that will stand up to the challenges of the Indian climate. Blended cement is the way to go if you're looking for a high-quality, long-lasting, and affordable building material.

Which countertop materials should you use for your custom home

by JSW ONE HOMES

When it comes to building a custom home, choosing the right materials for your countertops is an important decision. Countertops are one of the most heavily used surfaces in a home, so choosing materials that are durable, easy to maintain, and look great is important. With so many options available, deciding which countertop materials are right for your custom home can be overwhelming.

In this blog post, we’ll look at some of the most popular countertop materials and their pros and cons.

1. Granite Countertops: For a good reason, Granite is one of the most popular countertop materials. It is durable, scratch-resistant, and can withstand heat. Granite is also available in various colours and patterns, so you can choose a style that complements your home’s decor.

2. Marble Countertops: Marble is a luxurious and timeless option for countertops. It has a unique veining pattern adds character to any kitchen or bathroom. Like granite, marble is also heat-resistant but more susceptible to scratches and staining. Therefore it is recommended that you stick with white marble for kitchen coutertops, since scratches are more noticeable on colored marble than on white marble.

3. Quartz Countertops: Quartz countertops are made from engineered stone and are a popular choice for homeowners who want a low-maintenance option. Quartz is durable, stain-resistant, and available in various colors and patterns. However, quartz can be expensive and may have a different visual appeal than natural stone.

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4. Solid Surface Countertops: Solid surface countertops are made from a mixture of polyester or acrylic resins and natural minerals. They are available in various colours and patterns and can be customised to fit any space. Solid surface countertops are non-porous and resist staining, but they can scratch easily and are not heat-resistant.

5. Laminate Countertops: Laminate countertops are affordable for homeowners on a budget. They are made from a thin layer of plastic laminate material that is glued to a particleboard base. Laminate countertops come in a wide range of colours and patterns and are easy to clean. However, they are less durable than other countertop materials and can be easily scratched or damaged.

6. Concrete Countertops: Concrete countertops are popular for homeowners who want a modern, industrial look. They are durable, heat-resistant, and can be customised to fit any space. Concrete countertops can be stained or stamped to create unique patterns and designs. However, they require higher maintenance to prevent staining and can be prone to cracking over time.

6. Concrete Countertops: Concrete countertops are popular for homeowners who want a modern, industrial look. They are durable, heat-resistant, and can be customised to fit any space. Concrete countertops can be stained or stamped to create unique patterns and designs. However, they require higher maintenance to prevent staining and can be prone to cracking over time.

7.Tile Countertops: Tile countertops are cost-effective for homeowners who want a customised look. They are available in a wide range of colours and patterns and can be customised to fit any space. Tile countertops are durable and heat-resistant but can be prone to cracking and chipping over time.

Choosing the right countertop materials for your custom home depends on your personal preferences, budget, and the maintenance you are willing to do. Granite and quartz countertops are durable and low-maintenance, while marble and concrete countertops require more upkeep. Laminate and tile countertops are affordable options, but may have a different visual appeal than natural stone. Butcher block countertops offer a warm, natural look but require regular oiling. Solid surface countertops are customisable and stain-resistant but can scratch easily.

We hope that this article will be helpful to you, while making a choice of a kitchen countertop material during your next home construction project.

GGBS: The greenest of the construction materials

by JSW One Homes

Concrete is a mixture of cement, coarse and fine aggregates and water. It plays a crucial role in building infrastructure. The cost of concrete is accredited to these ingredients, which are not only expensive but also scarce. Concrete manufacturing emits a considerable amount of Carbon dioxide (CO2). The pursuit of an alternate material which is economical and sustainable ended with the discovery of Ground Granulated Blast-furnace Slag (GGBS).

GGBS is a non-metallic product obtained as a by-product from the blast furnaces used to make iron. It consists of silicates and aluminates of bases such as calcium. Blast furnace varies in physical structure and composition depending on the cooling method of the slag. It is obtained by the rapid chilling of the molten ash with the help of water. The slag is transformed into the glass during this process and eventually refined to the required fineness.

For the uninformed, GGBS is identifiable by its colour. Conventional portland cement is grey, while the GGBS is white in colour.

There are two methods of using GGBS in concrete. You can integrand the GGBS with the cement clinker and gypsum or mix the blast furnace with cement separately. Apart from that, GGBS can also be used as the direct replacement of ordinary portland cement; the replacement may vary between 30-80% of cement. In India, generally, GGBS is used by adding it to batching plants along with the portland cement, water and aggregates.

Uses of GGBS: -

  1. Producing Portland Blast furnace cement (PBFC) and High Slag Blast furnace cement (HSBFC).

  2. Producing ready mixed concrete 

  3. Used in ready mix concrete plants

  4. Used in constructing structures which are vulnerable to chloride and sulfate attacks (for, e.g. marine and substructures) 

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Advantages of GGBS

GGBS concrete has better ultimate strength and a higher proportion of the strength-enhancing calcium silicate hydrates than portland cement concrete. It also contains a lesser amount of free lime. The other advantages of GGBS include: -

1. Due to reactive silica in GGBS, replacing cement with GGBS in concrete mixes enhances the structural performance in terms of strength and durability.

2. The reactivity of GGBS with cement offers an increase in the compressive strength for different concrete mixes made with partial replacement of cement by GGBS

3. Reduction in the energy consumption in cement manufacturing

4. One tonne of portland cement manufacturing requires around 1.5 tons of mineral extraction along with 5000 MJ of energy and would generate around 0.95 tons of CO2 equivalent. In contrast, GGBS’s global warming potential is at 60.21 kg CO2 equivalent, among the lowest in the industry.

5. Use of GGBS in concrete generates less heat than cement. It also helps reduce the hydration heat, reducing shrinkage and temperature cracks.

6. Lesser void, hence decreased permeability in concrete.

7. Increased resistance to sulphate attacks.

GGBS Applications

GGBS in combination with portland cement) is used to make long-lasting structures such as: -

1. Concrete roads and flyovers

2. Dams

3. Residential houses

4. Commercial towers

5. Marine works

6. Foundation constructions

7. Effluent treatment plants

Reduction in CO2 emissions through a cost-effective alternative has been a challenge for the construction industry for the longest time. GGBS is one of the eco-friendliest construction materials in the modern construction industry. The manufacturing of GGBS utilises all the slag, incurring zero environmental waste. 

For homeowners looking to build healthy homes while creating minimal environmental impact, the popularity of GGBS should be no wonder. It enables you to construct a sustainable home and saves you a lot of money.

JSW Cement GGBS’s inherent chemistry gives it several advantages over ordinary portland cement, like higher flexural strength, improved cohesion, smoother finish, lesser susceptibility to chemical attacks and enhanced workability.

If you are somebody who is planning to construct a home, consider switching to GGBS today!

Identifying the quality of materials for home building

by JSW One Homes

We understand that choosing the suitable materials while building a home can be overwhelming. But, don’t worry! We’re here to help you make informed decisions that ensure durability, aesthetics, and affordability. Let us guide you through the selection process so you can confidently build your dream home.

Research and education: understand the materials available for each home component, such as roofing, siding, insulation, flooring, etc. You can start by exploring the various materials available for each home component, ranging from roofing and siding to insulation and flooring. The JSW One Homes experts take the time to research and analyse the characteristics, advantages, and drawbacks of different materials, ensuring that our clients have a comprehensive understanding of their options.

Let's delve deeper into identifying the quality of materials for home building with examples for each component:

Roofing

  • Asphalt shingles: these are the most common and cost-effective roofing materials. Check for the thickness and warranty offered by the manufacturer. Higher-quality shingles typically have more extended warranties.
  • Metal roofing: look for materials like galvanised steel or aluminium which offer durability and resistance to rust.
  • Gauge the thickness of the metal as thicker gauges tend to be more durable.
  • Clay or concrete tiles: these are durable and offer a distinct aesthetic. Inspect for cracks or chips in the tiles, which may indicate poor quality.
Front_entrance_exterior_with_gray_vinyl_wood_siding_and_concrete_flooring

Siding

  • Vinyl siding: ensure the vinyl is of good quality and thickness to withstand weather conditions and resist fading. Look for siding with UV protection to maintain colour over time.
  • Fibre cement siding: check for brands known for their durability, rot, insects, and fire resistance. 
  • Wood siding: opt for naturally rot-resistant woods like cedar or redwood, and ensure proper treatment and sealing to prevent decay.

 

Insulation

  • Fibreglass insulation: look for insulation with a high r-value per inch, indicating better thermal resistance. Ensure it is correctly installed without gaps or compression.
  • Spray foam insulation: consider closed-cell foam for better insulation and moisture resistance. Check for proper application thickness to achieve the desired r-value.
  • Cellulose insulation: ensure it is made from recycled materials and treated for fire resistance. Verify proper installation density for effective thermal performance.

 

Flooring

  • Hardwood flooring: check for hardwood species known for durability, such as oak, maple, or cherry. Look for hardwood with a thick wear layer for longevity.
  • Porcelain tile: choose tiles with a high pei (porcelain enamel institute) rating for durability, especially in high-traffic areas. Ensure proper installation to prevent cracking.
  • Engineered wood flooring: verify the plywood base's quality and the hardwood veneer's thickness. Look for brands known for stability and resistance to warping.

 

Windows

  • Vinyl windows: look for multi-chambered frames for better insulation and durability. Ensure proper weatherstripping and energy-efficient glazing.
  • Wood windows: check for solid wood construction with tight joints to prevent air leakage. Look for windows with low-emissivity (Low-E) coatings for improved energy efficiency.
  • Fibreglass windows: choose thick frames and sashes for strength and durability.
House_Property_Valuation_And_Hidden_Cost._Home_Compliance

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Here are tests that individual home builders can perform without requiring anyone's help:

 

Knocking in tiles

  • Knocking in tiles involves tapping the surface lightly to assess its quality. 
  • A clear, crisp sound indicates a well-fired and structurally sound tile. Dull thuds or hollow sounds suggest defects like air pockets or cracks. 
  • Visually inspect for any visible defects before installation.

 

Testing the freshness of cement bags

  • To check if the cement is fresh, visually inspect the packaging for damage and look for a uniform grey colour. 
  • Fresh cement feels powdery and free-flowing, while stale cement may feel clumpy or have hardened chunks. It should have a characteristic earthy smell. 
  • Conduct a small test batch of concrete to observe its setting time, ensuring it meets expectations. Store cement in a cool, dry place away from moisture for optimal freshness.

 

Moisture test for wood

  • Place a few drops of water on the surface of the wood.
  • If the water beads and remains on the surface, the wood is likely well-sealed and protected from moisture.
  • If the water soaks into the wood quickly, it may indicate that it lacks proper sealing and could be prone to rot or decay.

 

Paint adhesion test

  • Apply a strip of painter's tape firmly onto the painted surface.
  • After letting it sit for a few minutes, quickly peel off the tape.
  • If the paint comes off with the tape, it suggests poor adhesion and may require sanding and priming before repainting.
Removing_masking_tape_from_molding._A_painter_pulls_of_blue_painter's_tape_from_the_wall_to_reveal_a_clean_edge_baseboard.

Level test for floors and surfaces

  • Place a level tool on various parts of the floor or surface to check for evenness.
  • If the bubble in the level rests within the marked lines, the surface is level.
  • Uneven surfaces may require additional levelling compounds or adjustments during construction.


Electrical outlet test

  • Use a voltage tester to ensure electrical outlets are wired correctly and safely.
  • Check for proper grounding and polarity, and ensure the outlets function correctly.

 

Window and door operation test

  • Open and close windows and doors to ensure smooth operation and proper alignment.
  • Look for any sticking or dragging, which may indicate issues with installation or framing.

 

Screwdriver test for drywall

  • Use a screwdriver to press against drywall lightly.
  • If the drywall feels firm and doesn't give easily, it's likely well-installed.
  • Soft spots or areas that give easily may indicate improper installation or water damage.
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As a home builder, selecting suitable construction materials can be daunting. However, by taking the time to research and consider important factors like your needs, preferences, and budget, you can find high-quality materials that will be perfect for your project. At JSW One Homes, we prioritise quality and genuine materials, ensure durability and reliability, and offer warranties backed by over 300 quality checks. Our team collaborates with you to understand your vision, preferences, and budget, while providing valuable insights and recommendations based on local building codes and regulations. Remember, you're not alone in this process, and it's okay to ask for help or advice if you need it.

How to maintain your home post-construction

by JSW One Homes

Understanding the materials used in construction is incredibly important as it significantly impacts a building's durability, maintenance requirements, structural integrity, environmental impact, and cost efficiency. Different materials have varying lifespans and maintenance needs, and having this knowledge can help predict longevity and plan for replacements or repairs. The local climate plays a significant role in determining maintenance needs; temperature fluctuations, moisture levels, precipitation, sun exposure, and wind can all influence the degradation and upkeep of materials. Here's a guide with considerations for individual home builders:

1. Weatherproofing: India's diverse climate can be harsh on homes. Ensure that your home is appropriately weatherproofed during construction, with attention to quality roof, window, and door materials. Regularly inspect for leaks, especially after heavy rains or storms. Consider double-glazed windows, UPVC or treated wood. Use concrete tiles or metal sheets for roofing.
 

Luxury_house_with_modern_interior._Real_photos_of_Indian_homes._Urban_societies_in_Indian_cities.

2. Pest control: India is prone to various pests, such as termites, ants, and rodents. Invest in preventive measures such as termite-proofing treatments during construction. Regularly inspect for signs of pest activity and promptly address any infestations to prevent structural damage.

3. Regular cleaning: regular cleaning is essential to prevent mould, mildew, and surface deterioration, as dust and humidity are common. Use appropriate cleaning agents and techniques for wood, marble, and tiles.

4. Electrical and plumbing checks: conduct periodic checks of electrical wiring and plumbing to ensure safety and functionality. Avoid pouring grease or oil down the drain. Use voltage stabilisers for sensitive electronic devices. Distribute electrical loads evenly across circuits to avoid overloading.

Margao,_India_-_January_21_2023:_A_man_rides_a_two_wheeler_scooter_past_an_old_traditional_house_in_Goa.

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5. Landscaping maintenance: regular maintenance is crucial if your home has a garden or outdoor space. This includes watering plants, trimming foliage, and ensuring proper drainage to prevent waterlogging, which can weaken the foundation.

6. Paint and finish care: Exterior and interior paints can degrade over time due to sun exposure, moisture, and pollution. Schedule periodic repainting or touch-ups to protect surfaces and maintain your home's aesthetic appeal.

7. Sealant and grout inspection: regularly check sealants and grout in bathrooms, kitchens, and other areas. Replace any deteriorated sealant or grout to prevent water seepage, which can cause damage to walls and flooring.

8. Structural inspections: periodically inspect the structural integrity of your home, including foundations, walls, and roofs. Look out for cracks, sagging, or other signs of structural damage, and consult professionals for repairs if needed.
 

Bangalore,_India_24th_June_2022:_Interior_of_a_newly_constructed_home_and_apartment._Luxury_house_with_modern_interior._Real_photos_of_Indian_homes._Urban_societies_in_Indian_cities.

7. Documentation and warranty: document construction details, warranties for appliances and materials, and contact information for contractors and service providers thoroughly. This will facilitate future maintenance and repairs.

Proper ventilation, moisture barriers, UV-resistant coatings, and robust drainage systems are crucial to addressing these climatic challenges. Additionally, familiarity with different construction techniques, such as traditional or modern methods, prefabrication, green building practices, or various foundation types, can significantly influence maintenance approaches. High-quality construction requires less frequent maintenance, while poor construction demands more attention. Recognising the specific materials, climate influences, and construction methods ensures effective maintenance planning, ultimately enhancing building longevity, safety, efficiency, and cost savings.

Innovative techniques in sustainable building

by JSW One Homes

When it comes to constructing your dream home, we understand that it's about creating a peaceful space that reflects your vision while also respecting the environment and the unique conditions of your region. We've carefully selected some innovative techniques that are tailored to your needs and the local climate. Let's explore how you can build a sustainable home using the materials available to you and embracing the natural beauty of your surroundings.

  • Bamboo construction (Coimbatore, Chennai, Kochi): bamboo is a fast-growing, renewable resource that can be used as a structural material. It's lightweight, strong, and versatile, making it suitable for various construction applications such as roofing, flooring, and wall panels. Bamboo construction also offers excellent thermal insulation properties, which can help reduce energy consumption for heating and cooling.
Woven_bamboo_house_on_stilts_in_Karimun_Jawa_Indonesia
  • Fly ash bricks (Hyderabad, Chennai): fly ash, a byproduct of coal combustion, can be used to manufacture bricks. These bricks are lightweight, durable, and require less production energy than traditional clay bricks. Rapid urbanisation and population growth in cities like Hyderabad and Chennai have led to a high demand for affordable and sustainable building materials. By using fly ash bricks, builders can reduce the demand for clay and minimise the environmental impact of brick manufacturing.
     
  • Rammed earth construction (Bangalore, Salem, Hubli): rammed earth is an ancient building technique that involves compressing layers of earth within a frame to create walls. This method utilises locally available soil, reducing the need for transportation and minimising carbon emissions. Bangalore, Salem, and Hubli experience relatively dry climates with hot summers and mild winters. They absorb heat during the day and release it slowly at night.
Timber_parapet_over_rammed_earth_wall_and_window
  • Recycled materials (all regions): incorporating recycled materials into construction can significantly reduce waste and energy consumption. For example, recycled concrete aggregate can be used instead of virgin aggregate for concrete production, reducing the demand for natural resources. Similarly, recycled steel and reclaimed wood can be used for structural elements and interior finishes, respectively, offering both environmental and aesthetic benefits.
     
  • Green roofs (Bangalore, Chennai): consist of vegetation planted on a waterproof membrane installed atop a building. They provide numerous environmental benefits, including improved insulation, reduced stormwater runoff, and enhanced biodiversity. Green roofs in urban areas like Bangalore and Chennai can help mitigate the urban heat island effect and improve air quality.
     
  • Solar passive design (all regions): implementing solar passive design principles can optimise energy efficiency and reduce reliance on artificial heating and cooling systems. This approach involves orienting buildings to maximise natural light and ventilation, utilising shading devices to control solar gain, and incorporating thermal mass to moderate indoor temperatures. Passive solar techniques can effectively reduce energy consumption in regions like Coimbatore, Hyderabad, and Kochi, where sunlight is abundant.
Dining_Block_Design,_Resort_Style

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  • Cavity wall construction with insulated concrete blocks (Bangalore, Coimbatore): in regions with temperature variations like Bangalore and coimbatore, cavity wall construction using insulated concrete blocks can help improve thermal performance and energy efficiency. Insulated concrete blocks feature a layer of insulating material sandwiched between two layers of concrete, reducing heat transfer through the walls.

By incorporating these innovative techniques into sustainable building practices, developers and architects can create buildings that are environmentally responsible, resource-efficient, and resilient for the future.

The pros and cons of various roofing materials

by JSW One Homes

The climate in India is characterised by high temperatures and significant rainfall, necessitating careful consideration when selecting roofing materials. Choosing materials that can withstand these conditions while also providing energy efficiency and aesthetic appeal is crucial. In this comprehensive analysis, we will thoroughly examine the advantages and disadvantages of various roofing materials suitable for the Indian climate, delving into traditional and modern options to provide a thorough understanding of the best choices available.

1. Slate

Pros:

  • Durability: slate is highly durable and can withstand diverse weather conditions, making it a reliable choice for the long term.
  • Heat resistance: lighter shades of slate reflect heat, reducing indoor temperatures.
  • Low maintenance: slate's robust nature requires minimal maintenance.

Cons:

  • Cost: slate can be expensive to purchase and install.
  • Weight: the heavy weight of slate tiles may require reinforced roof structures.
Closeup_of_attic_window_on_house_roof_top_covered_with_ceramic_shingles._Tiled_covering_of_building

2. Terracotta

Pros:

  • Heat reflective: The light colour of terracotta tiles helps reflect heat, keeping interiors cooler.
  • Aesthetic appeal: offers a classic, attractive look that complements many architectural styles.
  • Weather resistant: baked terracotta is challenging and can withstand various weather conditions.

Cons:

  • Fragility: terracotta tiles can be brittle and may break under heavy impact.
  • Maintenance: regular maintenance is required to keep them in good condition.

3. Concrete tiles

Pros:

  • Affordability: concrete tiles are cost-effective compared to other materials.
  • Heat resistance: can be treated with reflective coatings to enhance heat resistance.
  • Durability: concrete tiles are robust and durable.

Cons:

  • Weight: Unlike slate, concrete tiles are heavy and may require structural support.
  • Colour fading: over time, colours may fade due to exposure to sunlight.

4. Reflective metal roofing

Pros:

  • Cooling efficiency: reflects sunlight effectively, reducing cooling costs.
  • Durability: metal roofing is long-lasting and requires minimal maintenance.
  • Lightweight: more straightforward to install and does not require reinforced structures.

Cons:

  • Cost: higher initial cost compared to traditional materials.
  • Noise: can be noisy during rain unless adequately insulated.
Black_metal_roof_tiling_with_wavy_shape_pattern_and_glowing_sunlight_reflections,_close_up_black_and_white_photo_of_modern_house_roof

5. White flat tiles

Pros:

  • Reflective: white colour effectively reflects heat and light.
  • Durability: made from durable materials such as ceramic.

Cons:

  • Maintenance: high maintenance is required to keep tiles clean and reflective.
  • Staining: susceptible to staining, which can reduce reflectivity.

6. Membrane roofing

Pros:

  • Weather resistant: designed to withstand extreme weather conditions.
  • Flexibility: suitable for various roof shapes and designs.
  • Durability: long-lasting with minimal maintenance.

Cons:

  • Installation complexity: requires professional installation.
  • Cost: can be expensive depending on the type and membrane quality used.

7. Photovoltaic shingles

Pros:

  • Energy generation: converts solar energy into electricity, providing a sustainable energy source.
  • Aesthetic: blends well with traditional roofing materials.

Cons:

  • Cost: high initial investment for both shingles and installation.
  • Efficiency: efficiency can be lower compared to traditional solar panels.
A_technician_lays_the_solar_panels_of_a_photovoltaic_system_on_top_of_a_red-tiled_roof

8. Hot weather shingles

Pros:

  • Heat resistance: designed specifically for hot climates, reflecting sunlight effectively.
  • Variety: available in various colours and styles.

Cons:

  • Durability: may not be as durable as other materials like slate or metal.
  • Maintenance: Regular maintenance is required to ensure longevity.

9. Cool roof coating

Pros:

  • Heat reflective: reflects more sunlight, reducing roof temperatures.
  • Versatile: can be applied to various roofing materials.

Cons:

  • Reapplication: this may require reapplication over time to maintain effectiveness.
  • Cost: additional cost for coating application.
building_house_on_blueprints_with_worker_-_construction_project

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10. Metal roofing sheets (including aluminium)

Pros:

  • Insulation: excellent insulation capabilities.
  • Durability: resistant to corrosion and extreme weather conditions.
  • Lightweight: reduces the structural load on buildings.

Cons:

  • Initial cost: higher cost compared to other roofing materials.
  • Noise: can be noisy during rainfall without proper insulation.

11. Polycarbonate roofing sheets

Pros:

  • Transparency: allows natural light to penetrate, reducing lighting costs.
  • Lightweight: easy to handle and install.

Cons:

  • Cost: relatively expensive.
  • Susceptibility to scratches: can get scratched easily, affecting transparency.
Transparent_acrylic_roof_sheet_close-up_for_garage_roof_construction

12. Fibre-Reinforced Plastic (FRP) roofing sheets

Pros:

  • Strength: high strength-to-weight ratio.
  • Customisation: available in various colours and styles.

Cons:

  • Cost: this can be expensive depending on the type and quality of fibres used.
  • UV degradation: prolonged exposure to sunlight can degrade the material.

Conclusion

Choosing the suitable roofing material for the Indian climate involves balancing cost, durability, maintenance, and energy efficiency. Traditional materials like slate and terracotta offer durability and aesthetic appeal, while modern options like reflective metal roofing and photovoltaic shingles provide energy efficiency and sustainability. The individual home builders should consider their needs, budget, and local climate conditions to select the most suitable roofing solution.

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